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Summary of Skills

Age 8-10 - Concept 2: Force and Power

Unit 1: Magnetism and Electricity [S]

Science

  • Collect information by observing and measuring.
  • Describe and demonstrate how magnetism can be used to generate electricity.
  • Describe and explain the parts of a light bulb.
  • Describe and identify materials that are conductors and nonconductors of electricity.
  • Explain and observe how electricity can be used to generate magnetism.
  • Explain how magnetism is related to electricity.
  • Identify and experiment with changes in electric currents.
  • Identify how an electrical current is created.
  • Identify magnetic and nonmagnetic materials.
  • Identify products that require magnets in order to function.
  • Identify the variety of ways electricity can be produced.
  • Investigate the pull of magnets on materials made of iron and the pushes or pulls on other magnets.
  • Observe and investigate characteristics of parallel and series circuits.
  • Observe and investigate the ability of electric circuits to produce light, heat, sound, and magnetic effects.
  • Observe and investigate the pull of magnets on materials made of iron and the pushes or pulls on other magnets.
  • Plan and implement investigations.
  • Recognize an electric circuit as a closed pathway including an energy source, energy conductor, and an energy receiver.
  • Recognize lightning as an electrical discharge.
  • Show proper safety behavior when lightning occurs.
  • Understand the magnetic field that surrounds magnets.
  • Understand the properties of magnets and magnetic materials.
  • Use models to represent the natural world.

Unit 1: Ben and Me [LA]

Language Arts

  • Ask questions to get information.
  • Communicate with an audience through print and dramatic interpretations.
  • Conduct research on a variety of topics.
  • Consider the difference among genres.
  • Demonstrate learning and ideas through productions and displays such as oral and written reports, murals, and dramatizations.
  • Determine the point of view of a story.
  • Develop drafts.
  • Develop vocabulary through reading.
  • Distinguish fact from opinion in various texts.
  • Draw conclusions, make generalizations, and gather support by referencing the text.
  • Edit for correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and features of polished writing.
  • Generate ideas for writing by using prewriting techniques such as drawing and listing key thoughts.
  • Identify (with assistance) the purpose, audience, and appropriate form for oral or written presentation.
  • Identify similarities and differences among characters.
  • Identify the most effective features of writing using criteria generated by the teacher and class.
  • Increase vocabulary by studying author's craft.
  • Interpret and use graphic sources of information, including maps, charts, graphs, and diagrams.
  • Participate in creative interpretation of text.
  • Participate in rhymes and songs.
  • Read and interpret a variety of texts.
  • Read classic and contemporary works.
  • Read from a variety of genres for pleasure and to acquire information.
  • Recall text information in different ways.
  • Recognize differences among genres.
  • Record own ideas and knowledge of a topic in a variety of ways such as pictures and lists.
  • Respond to stories and poems in ways that reflect understanding and interpretation.
  • Respond to text by making inferences and drawing conclusions about characters and events.
  • Retell a spoken message by summarizing.
  • Revise drafts in order to achieve a sense of audience, refine word choices, and create vivid images
  • Share written and oral products in a variety of ways.
  • Use resources and references such as beginners' dictionaries, glossaries, available technology, and context to build word meanings and confirm word pronunciation.
  • Use writing to express ideas, feelings, and experiences.
  • Write in different forms for different purposes and audiences.
  • Write to discover, develop, and refine ideas.
  • Write to record ideas and reflections.

Science

  • Connect scientific concepts with the history of science and contributions of scientists.
  • Evaluate the impact of research and invention on scientific thought, society, and the environment.
  • Observe a simple system and describe the role of various parts.

Social Studies

  • Describe how individuals, events, and ideas change over time.
  • Describe similarities and differences among communities in different times and places.
  • Explain the need for leaders in communities and describe their roles and responsibilities.
  • Use appropriate source maps to locate communities.

Unit 2: The Power of People [SS]

Social Studies

  • Cite examples of nonprofit or civic organizations such as the Red Cross and explain how they serve the common good.
  • Demonstrate characteristics of responsible citizenship and explain how citizen participation can impact changes within a community.
  • Demonstrate characteristics of responsible citizenship.
  • Describe the basic structure of government in the local community.
  • Explain how citizen participation can impact changes within a community.
  • Explain how local government services are financed.
  • Explain the importance of acts of civic responsibility, including obeying laws and voting.
  • Explain the need for leaders in communities and describe their roles and responsibilities.
  • Give examples of community changes that result from individual or group contributions.
  • Identify characteristics of good citizenship such as a belief in justice, truth, equality, and responsibility for the common good.
  • Identify government officials and explain how they are chosen.
  • Identify historic figures who have exemplified good citizenship.
  • Identify local government officials and explain how they are chosen.
  • Identify people who exemplify good citizenship.
  • Identify services commonly provided by local governments.
  • Recognize diverse local, state, and national leaders, past and present, who demonstrate responsible citizenship.
  • Recognize local, state, and national leaders, past and present, who demonstrate responsible citizenship.

Unit 2: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe [LA]

Language Arts

  • Analyze characters, including their traits, feelings, relationships, and changes.
  • Analyze, compare, and contrast written text.
  • Compare communication in different forms such as contrasting a dramatic performance with a print version of the same story or comparing story variants.
  • Compare experiences of characters across texts.
  • Compose a draft that conveys major ideas and focuses on a topic.
  • Conduct research for assigned projects.
  • Connect ideas and themes across texts.
  • Describe the setting of a book.
  • Develop drafts.
  • Edit for appropriate grammar, spelling, punctuation, and features of polished writing.
  • Generate ideas for writing by using prewriting techniques such as drawing and listing key thoughts.
  • Identify (with assistance) the purpose, the audience, and the appropriate form for the oral or written task.
  • Identify and interpret conflict and resolution.
  • Identify author's use of figurative language.
  • Identify similarities and differences across texts in topics, characters, and themes.
  • Identify the conflict of a story.
  • Identify the theme or author's message.
  • Increase reading and writing vocabulary through word study and book discussion.
  • Interact with text by locating information for specific purposes.
  • Interact with the text before, during, and after reading, listening, or viewing by making connections.
  • Locate background information about authors and their writing.
  • Make inferences and draw conclusions about characters and events.
  • Present dramatic interpretations of experiences, stories, poems, or plays.
  • Produce work that follows the conventions of particular genres.
  • Read a variety of fictional text including fables, myths, legends, fantasies, and fairy tales.
  • Read aloud with fluency and expression.
  • Recognize and interpret author's message.
  • Recognize the theme or author's message in a story.
  • Record personal knowledge of a topic in a variety of ways such as by drawing pictures.
  • Relate plot, setting, and characters to personal experiences and ideas.
  • Respond to fiction by reflecting on learning and gaining new insights.
  • Revise drafts to achieve a sense of audience, precise word choices, and vivid images.
  • Share written and oral products in a variety of ways.
  • Use apostrophes in writing to show possession.
  • Use logical thinking to solve problems and interpret information.
  • Use logical thinking to solve problems and interpret information. (M)
  • Use oral and written language to share information and ideas.
  • Use word reference materials (e.g., dictionary, glossary) to confirm decoding skills, verify spelling, and extend meanings of words.
  • Write in different forms for different purposes.
  • Write to discover, develop, and refine ideas.
  • Write to record ideas and reflections.
  • Write with proficient spelling.

Math

  • Use logical thinking to solve problems and interpret information.
  • Use logical thinking to solve problems and interpret information. (LA)

Social Studies

  • Compare language and oral traditions that reflect customs, regions, and cultures.

Unit 3: Forces of Nature [S]

Science

  • Connect science concepts, the history of science, and contributions of scientists.
  • Determine factors that affect motion including force, friction, inertia, and momentum.
  • Determine the motion of an object by following and measuring its position over time.
  • Evaluate the impact of research on scientific thought, society, and the environment.
  • Explain how energy is needed to make machines move.
  • Identify and analyze forces that cause change in landforms.
  • Measure and record changes in an object to which a force has been applied.
  • Measure and record changes in an object to which a force such as a push or pull has been applied.
  • Recognize factors that affect motion: force, friction, inertia, and momentum.
  • Recognize forms of energy and how they are used.
  • Recognize that forces such as earthquakes and glaciers can change the surface of the Earth.
  • Recognize the different forms of energy and how they are used.
  • Represent the natural world using models and illustrations.
  • Represent the natural world using models.

Social Studies

  • Create timelines.
  • Describe how individuals, events, and ideas have changed communities over time.

Unit 3: The BFG [LA]

Language Arts

  • Analyze characters, including their traits, feelings, relationships, and changes.
  • Compose three or more paragraphs with topic sentences; supporting details; appropriate, logical sequence; and sufficient elaboration.
  • Consider main character's point of view.
  • Demonstrate learning through productions and displays such as oral and written reports, murals, and dramatizations.
  • Develop vocabulary by reading, listening to, and discussing familiar and challenging texts.
  • Draw conclusions from information gathered.
  • Draw conclusions, make generalizations, and gather support by referencing the text.
  • Focus reflection on target elements by using descriptive words and phrases and sequencing events and ideas.
  • Gain increasing knowledge of grammar.
  • Generate and record ideas for writing.
  • Identify (with assistance) the purpose, audience, and appropriate form for the oral or written task.
  • Identify a story genre.
  • Identify and apply rules of subject-verb agreement.
  • Identify and discuss similarities and differences in events, characters, and concepts between texts.
  • Identify and discuss similarities and differences in events, characters, concepts, and ideas.
  • Identify the importance of the setting to a story's meaning.
  • Identify the theme or author's message in a story.
  • Increase vocabulary through word study.
  • Interpret and use graphic sources of information.
  • Make inferences and draw conclusions about characters.
  • Participate in creative interpretations of text.
  • Read and follow step-by-step directions.
  • Read contemporary and classical works of fiction.
  • Read fiction and nonfiction.
  • Read from a variety of genres.
  • Reference the text to support the theme of a story.
  • Relate plot, setting, and characters to personal experiences and ideas.
  • Respond to stories and poems in ways that reflect understanding and interpretation in discussion, in writing, and through movement, music, art, and drama.
  • Respond to text by identifying areas for further study.
  • Share written, visual, and oral products in a variety of ways.
  • Take simple notes from relevant sources such as classroom guests, books, and media sources.
  • Use compiled information and knowledge to raise additional, unanswered questions.
  • Use correct capitalization and punctuation.
  • Use multiple sources, including print such as an encyclopedia, technology, and experts, to locate information that addresses questions.
  • Use oral and written language to present information in a sequenced, logical manner; share information and ideas; recount or narrate; and report information on a topic.
  • Use oral or written language to recount or narrate.
  • Use planning strategies (with assistance) to generate topics and to organize ideas.
  • Use preliminary plans to compose a draft that conveys major ideas and maintains focus on the topic.
  • Use prior knowledge to anticipate meaning and interpret texts.
  • Use quotation marks correctly in writing.
  • Use resources such as beginners' dictionaries, glossaries, and technology to determine word meanings and confirm pronunciations.
  • Use text and own experiences to verify facts, concepts, and ideas.
  • Use text to locate information for specific purposes.
  • Use written language to share information and ideas.
  • Write in different forms for different purposes and audiences.
  • Write to discover, develop, and refine ideas.
  • Write to record ideas and reflections.

Science

  • Recognize scientific principles being demonstrated in the environment.

Social Studies

  • Locate geographical places on a variety of different maps.