Matter
Age 10-12: Concept 3 - Change: Unit 1

In this unit, you will find out about elements, which make up all matter on Earth, including living beings and non-living things. You will explore how you can change matter in your environment using heat, water, and air and find out about characteristics of metals, metalloids, and non-metals both in individual elements and when they are combined with one another. For the final project, you will explore mystery elements and try to figure out what each one is.
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Prerequisites

  • Able to read and comprehend novels at a late 6th or 7th grade reading level
  • Able to write multiple paragraphs on a topic
  • Familiar with the five-paragraph essay
  • Usually used by children in the sixth grade

Table of Contents

  • Lesson 1: Elements and the Periodic Table
  • Lesson 2: Introduction to Metals (2 Days)
  • Lesson 3: Introduction to Metalloids
  • Lesson 4: Introduction to Nonmetals
  • Lesson 5: Classifying as Solids, Liquids, or Gases
  • Lesson 6: Classifying by Density
  • Lesson 7: Classifying by Magnetic Properties
  • Lesson 8: Classifying by Conductivity
  • Lesson 9: Classifying by Water Solubility
  • Final Project: Mystery Elements (2 Days)

Summary of Skills

Moving Beyond the Page is based on state and national standards. These standards are covered in this unit.
  • Calculate density to identify an unknown substance. (Science)
  • Classify matter based on physical properties including magnetism. (Science)
  • Classify matter based on physical properties including mass. (Science)
  • Classify matter based on physical properties including physical state (solid, liquid, and gas). (Science)
  • Classify matter based on physical properties including relative density (sinking and floating). (Science)
  • Classify matter based on physical properties including solubility in water. (Science)
  • Classify matter based on physical properties including the ability to conduct or insulate electric energy. (Science)
  • Classify matter based on physical properties including the ability to conduct or insulate thermal energy. (Science)
  • Classify matter based on physical properties including the ability to conduct thermal or electric energy. (Science)
  • Compare metals, nonmetals, and metalloids using physical properties such as conductivity. (Science)
  • Compare metals, nonmetals, and metalloids using physical properties such as luster, conductivity, or malleability. (Science)
  • Conduct tests, compare data, and draw conclusions about physical properties of matter including conduction. (Science)
  • Conduct tests, compare data, and draw conclusions about physical properties of matter including density and buoyancy. (Science)
  • Conduct tests, compare data, and draw conclusions about physical properties of matter including density. (Science)
  • Conduct tests, compare data, and draw conclusions about physical properties of matter including solubility. (Science)
  • Conduct tests, compare data, and draw conclusions about physical properties of matter including states of matter. (Science)
  • Demonstrate that water-soluble minerals change the properties of water. (Science)
  • Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules. (Science)
  • Know that each element is made of one kind of atom and that the elements are organized in the periodic table by their chemical properties. (Science)
  • Observe and record changes in the states of matter caused by the addition or reduction of heat. (Science)
  • Recognize that a limited number of the many known elements comprise the largest portion of solid Earth, living matter, oceans, and the atmosphere. (Science)
  • Understand that different substances usually have different densities, so density can be used as an identifying property. Therefore, calculating density aids in the classification of substances. (Science)
  • Understand that elements are classified as metals, nonmetals, and metalloids based on their physical properties. The elements are divided into three groups on the periodic table. (Science)
  • Understand the difference between elements and compounds based on observation, description of physical properties, and chemical reactions. Elements are represented by chemical symbols, while compounds are represented by chemical formulas. (Science)
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