Government and the People
Age 7-9: Concept 4 - Relationships: Unit 2

In this unit, your child will examine the relationship between U.S. citizens and their government. She will understand the unique functions of each of the three branches of government. She will participate in a mock election to experience the voting and election process firsthand.

This unit can be used independently but is designed to be used in conjunction with the literature unit The Whipping Boy.


  • Able to read and comprehend chapter books on a 3rd or early 4th grade reading level
  • Can answer comprehension questions about a chapter in a journal
  • Able to write three or four sentences on a topic
  • Usually used by children in third grade

Table of Contents

  • Lesson 1: What Is Authority?
  • Lesson 2: Roles of the Government
  • Lesson 3: Our Role as Citizens
  • Lesson 4: Politicians
  • Lesson 5: Voting (2 Days)
  • Lesson 6: Our System of Government (2 Days)
  • Lesson 7: Local, State, and National
  • Lesson 8: Patriotism
  • Final Project: Vote for Me! (2 Days)

Summary of Skills

Moving Beyond the Page is based on state and national standards. These standards are covered in this unit.
  • Analyze and evaluate the effects of responsible citizenship in the school, community, and other social environments. (Social Studies)
  • Compare the roles of public officials including mayor, governor, and president. (Social Studies)
  • Demonstrate responsible citizenship in the school, community, and other social environments. (Social Studies)
  • Describe how governments establish order, provide security, and manage conflict. (Social Studies)
  • Evaluate relationships between people and their government. (Social Studies)
  • Evaluate rules and laws and suggest appropriate consequences for noncompliance. (Social Studies)
  • Explain how selected customs, symbols, and celebrations reflect an American love of individualism, inventiveness, and freedom. (Social Studies)
  • Explain the significance of various community, state, and national celebrations such as Memorial Day, Independence Day, and Thanksgiving. (Social Studies)
  • Identify and describe attributes of responsible citizenship. (Social Studies)
  • Identify and explain the functions of local governmental bodies and elected officials. (Social Studies)
  • Identify functions of governments. (Social Studies)
  • Identify historical people who have exemplified good citizenship. (Social Studies)
  • Identify national patriotic symbols. (Social Studies)
  • Identify responsible courses of action in given situations and assess the consequences of irresponsible behavior. (Social Studies)
  • Identify some governmental buildings in the community, state, and nation and explain their importance. (Social Studies)
  • Identify some governmental services in the community such as libraries, schools, and parks and explain their value to the community. (Social Studies)
  • Identify ways that public officials are selected, including election and appointment to office. (Social Studies)
  • Recognize and demonstrate examples of the elective process. (Social Studies)
  • Recognize examples of responsible citizen participation in society and social environments. (Social Studies)
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