The Human Body
Age 9-11: Concept 4 - Systems: Unit 3

Gain an appreciation for the amazing machine that is our body. Explore each of the main systems that provide us with energy, life, movement, senses, and defense. Appreciate the value of good nutrition and learn how to give your body what it needs to be healthy. Throughout the unit, your child will create models of each of the main systems that will be put on display for the final project.

Although this unit can be used independently, it is designed to be used concurrently with the literature unit Independent Study.


  • Able to read and comprehend novels at a late 5th or 6th grade reading level
  • Able to write multiple paragraphs on a topic
  • Usually used by children in fifth grade

Table of Contents

  • Lesson 1: An Amazing Machine (2 Days)
  • Lesson 2: Sense Organs (2 Days)
  • Lesson 3: The Digestive System
  • Lesson 4: Nutrition (2 Days)
  • Lesson 5: Respiratory and Cardiovascular Systems (2 Days)
  • Lesson 6: Defense System
  • Lesson 7: Muscular and Skeletal Systems (2 Days)
  • Lesson 8: Nervous System
  • Final Project: Human Body on Display (2 Days)

Summary of Skills

Moving Beyond the Page is based on state and national standards. These standards are covered in this unit.
  • Analyze how human body systems interact to provide for the needs of the human organism. (Science)
  • Analyze how sense organs work with the nervous system and enable an organism to interact with its environment. (Science)
  • Analyze information on food labels and ingredient lists. (Science)
  • Apply information from a nutrition guide to making healthy food choices. (Science)
  • Conduct investigations to build an understanding of the form and function of the skeletal and muscle systems of the human body. (Science)
  • Create a model of the brain and describe the function of each part. (Science)
  • Demonstrate and explain the process of digestion. (Science)
  • Describe food combinations in a balanced diet. (Science)
  • Describe how different kinds of joints allow movement. (Science)
  • Describe how systems within the human body are defined by the functions they perform. (Science)
  • Describe interactions that occur within a system. (Science)
  • Describe the basic function of major body systems. (Science)
  • Describe the functions of different types of joints. (Science)
  • Evaluate how systems in the human body help regulate the internal environment. (Science)
  • Explain how organs are adapted to perform specific functions within one or more systems. (Science)
  • Explain how the structure of an organ is adapted to perform specific functions within one or more systems. (Science)
  • Explain the body's defense systems and how they fight disease. (Science)
  • Identify and model the parts of a cell. (Science)
  • Identify information on menus and food labels. (Science)
  • Identify the benefits of six major nutrients contained in foods. (Science)
  • Identify the bones of the human body. (Science)
  • Model the major sense organs and explain how they transmit information to the brain. (Science)
  • Model the organs of the digestive system and describe their functions. (Science)
  • Model the parts of the respiratory system. (Science)
  • Model the parts of the skin. (Science)
  • Model the spinal cord and nerves of the human body. (Science)
  • Model the structure of bones. (Science)
  • Observe how DNA affects the traits of an organism. (Science)
  • Recognize how muscles cause the body to move. (Science)
  • Recognize that cells, tissues, and organs, combine to form systems in the body. (Science)
  • Recognize the parts of a cell. (Science)
  • Recognize the role of the teeth and mouth in digestion. (Science)
  • Simulate the movement of air in the lungs. (Science)
  • Understand that many multi-cellular organisms have specialized structures to support the transport of materials. (Science)
  • Understand the flow of blood through the heart. (Science)
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