Age 9-11: Concept 1 - Relationships: Unit 2

Experiment with the characteristics of light. Design a solar powered car. Follow the chain of energy as it passes through the organisms in a habitat. Learn to identify potential and kinetic energy in its various forms. Build your own calorimeter to discover the number of calories in a variety of foods.

This unit can be used independently, but it is also designed to be used concurrently with the literature unit for The View from Saturday.


  • Able to read and comprehend novels at a late 5th or 6th grade reading level
  • Able to write multiple paragraphs on a topic
  • Usually used by children in fourth or fifth grade

Table of Contents

  • Lesson 1: What Is Energy? (2 Days)
  • Lesson 2: Light (3 Days)
  • Lesson 3: Electricity (2 Days)
  • Lesson 4: Heat and the Sun (2 Days)
  • Lesson 5: Chemical Energy
  • Lesson 6: Food and Energy (2 Days)
  • Final Project: Energy Test

Summary of Skills

Moving Beyond the Page is based on state and national standards. These standards are covered in this unit.
  • Demonstrate that evaporation and melting are changes that occur when the objects are heated. (Science)
  • Determine the motion of an object by following and measuring its position over time. (Science)
  • Differentiate among forms of energy including light, heat, electrical, nuclear, chemical, sound, mechanical, magnetic, and solar energy. (Science)
  • Discuss how foods provide both energy and nutrients for living organisms. (Science)
  • Evaluate how pushing or pulling forces change the position and motion of an object. (Science)
  • Explain how machines and living things convert stored energy to motion and heat. (Science)
  • Explain why organisms require energy to live and grow. (Science)
  • Identify sources of stored energy, such as food, fuel, and batteries. (Science)
  • Know how energy for your home is produced. (Science)
  • Observe that light can be reflected off or absorbed by different surfaces. (Science)
  • Recognize plants as the primary source of matter and energy entering most food chains. (Science)
  • Recognize that all matter is made of small particles called atoms, too small to see with the naked eye. (Science)
  • Recognize that color of light striking an object affects the way the object is seen. (Science)
  • Recognize that energy comes from the Sun to the Earth in the form of light. (Science)
  • Recognize that light has a source and travels in a direction. (Science)
  • Recognize the difference between potential and kinetic energy. (Science)
  • Show how calories can be used to compare the chemical energy of different foods. (Science)
  • Understand how decomposers, including many fungi, insects, and microorganisms, recycle matter from dead plants and animals. (Science)
  • Understand how energy is carried from one place to another by waves, such as water waves and sound waves, by electric current, and by moving objects. (Science)
  • Understand how plants are the primary source of matter and energy entering most food chains. (Science)
  • Understand how producers and consumers (herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, and decomposers) are related in food chains and webs and compete for resources in an ecosystem. (Science)
  • Understand that heat is transferred from hot things to cool things. (Science)
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