Ecosystems and Ecology
Age 11-13: Concept 1 - Semester 1: Unit 4

Learn about ecosystems and the relationships among the plants and animals that live there. Explore how matter and energy move through an ecosystem and what important roles sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide play in the survival of an ecosystem's inhabitants.

Discover how plants and animals adapt to changes in their environment and even how an ecosystem is able to recover from a catastrophic disaster like a volcanic eruption.

Other Items You May Need

The Age 11-13 semester 1 science units require materials from the Semester 1 Science Kit.
$64.99 #743 Age 11-13 - Semester 1 - Science Kit


  • Able to read and comprehend novels at a late 7th or 8th grade reading level
  • Able to write multiple paragraphs on a topic
  • Familiar with the five-paragraph essay
  • Usually used by children in the seventh grade.

Table of Contents

  • Lesson 1: What Is in an Ecosystem?
  • Lesson 2: Diversity within Ecosystems (2 Days)
  • Lesson 3: Energy Transfer in Ecosystems
  • Lesson 4: Ecosystem Relationships
  • Lesson 5: Ecological Succession
  • Lesson 6: Natural Hazards and Natural Disasters
  • Lesson 7: Succession and Natural Disasters
  • Lesson 8: A Carbon Journey
  • Lesson 9: Ecosystems and Their Environments
  • Lesson 10: Cause and Effect in the Ecosystem
  • Lesson 11: Matter and the Food Web (2 Days)
  • Lesson 12: Adaptability and Survival
  • Lesson 13: Invasive Species

Summary of Skills

Moving Beyond the Page is based on state and national standards. These standards are covered in this unit.
  • Analyze and evaluate information from a scientifically literate viewpoint by reading, hearing, and/or viewing scientific texts and articles. (Science)
  • Analyze evidence to explain observations, make inferences and predictions, and develop the relationship between evidence and explanation. (Science)
  • Analyze how natural or human events may have contributed to the extinction of some species. (Science)
  • Analyze variables in scientific investigations and be able to identify dependent and independent variables, use a control, manipulate variables, describe relationships between variables, and define them operationally. (Science)
  • Describe how different environments support different varieties of organisms and how organisms adapt to different resources. (Science)
  • Describe how human activities have modified soil, water, and air quality. (Science)
  • Develop appropriate experimental procedures by generating questions. (Science)
  • Explain how changes in habitat may affect organisms. (Science)
  • Identify components of an ecosystem. (Science)
  • Identify that changes in environmental conditions can affect the survival of individuals and of species. (Science)
  • Know that different kinds of organisms may play similar ecological roles in similar biomes and that there is competition for resources. (Science)
  • Know that energy enters ecosystems as sunlight and is transformed by producers into chemical energy through photosynthesis and then from organism to organism through food webs. (Science)
  • Know that matter is transferred over time from one organism to others in the food web and between organisms and the physical environment. (Science)
  • Know that populations of organisms can be categorized by the functions they serve in an ecosystem. (Science)
  • Know that the extinction of a species occurs when the environment changes and the adaptive characteristics of the species are insufficient for its survival. (Science)
  • Make inferences and draw conclusions about the effects of human activity on Earth's ecosystems. (Science)
  • Observe and describe the role of ecological succession in ecosystems. (Science)
  • Understand how trophic levels and energy flow are related. (Science)
  • Use mathematics to gather, organize, and present quantitative data resulting from scientific investigations such as measurement and analysis of data. (Science)
  • Use observation to determine similarities and differences between objects. (Science)
  • Use oral and written language to communicate findings and defend conclusions of scientific investigations. (Science)
  • Use technologies and information systems to research, gather and analyze data, visualize data, and disseminate findings to others. (Science)
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