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Energy and Matter
Age 12-14: Concept 1 - Semester 1: Unit 3

In this unit you will explore different forms of energy, how energy is transferred from one object to another, and how it can change form. You will also consider whether energy from the Sun and wind could be harnessed to supply power to your home.
by Steven D. Wall, M.A.
by Steven D. Wall, M.A.

Other Items You May Need

The Age 12-14 semester 1 science units require materials from the Semester 1 Science Kit.
$90.00 #1774 Age 12-14 - Semester 1 - Science Kit


  • Able to read and comprehend novels at an 8th or 9th grade reading level
  • Able to write multiple paragraphs on a topic
  • Can write a five-paragraph essay
  • Usually used by children in the seventh or eighth grade

Table of Contents

  • Lesson 1: Introducing Energy
  • Lesson 2: Convection and Conduction (2 Days)
  • Lesson 3: Energy Transfers
  • Lesson 4: Electromagnetic and Sound Waves (2 Days)
  • Lesson 5: Kinetic and Potential Energy
  • Lesson 6: Energy and Machines
  • Lesson 7: Conservation
  • Lesson 8: Energy Sources and Sustainability
  • Final Project: Harnessing the Wind (3 Days)

Summary of Skills

Moving Beyond the Page is based on state and national standards. These standards are covered in this unit.
  • Analyze heat flow through materials or across space from warm objects to cooler objects until both objects are at equilibrium. (Science)
  • Analyze sound as an example of how vibrating materials generate waves that transfer energy. (Science)
  • Conclude that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but only changed from one form into another. (Science)
  • Conclude that the amount of energy stays the same, although within the process some energy is always converted to heat. (Science)
  • Determine how conduction and radiation transfer energy. (Science)
  • Determine how conduction, convection, and radiation transfer energy. (Science)
  • Evaluate data for qualitative and quantitative relationships associated with energy transfer and/or transformation. (Science)
  • Explain how energy can be transformed from one form to another (specifically potential energy and kinetic energy) using a model or diagram of a moving object (roller coaster, pendulum, or cars on ramps as examples). (Science)
  • Explain how kinetic and potential energy contribute to the mechanical energy of an object. (Science)
  • Explain how simple machines such as inclined planes, pulleys, levers and wheel and axles are used to create mechanical advantage and increase efficiency. (Science)
  • Explain the effects of electromagnetic waves on various materials to include absorption, scattering, and change in temperature. (Science)
  • Explain the suitability of materials for use in technological design based on a response to heat (to include conduction, expansion, and contraction) and electrical energy (conductors and insulators). (Science)
  • Identify energy transformations occurring during the production of energy for human use such as electrical energy to heat energy and heat energy to electrical energy. (Science)
  • Illustrate examples of potential and kinetic energy in everyday life such as objects at rest, movement of geologic faults, and falling water. (Science)
  • Illustrate the transfer of heat energy from warmer objects to cooler ones using examples of conduction and convection and the effects that may result. (Science)
  • Illustrate the transfer of heat energy from warmer objects to cooler ones using the example of radiation and the effects that may result. (Science)
  • Know how sound travels through different materials. (Science)
  • Know that complex interactions occur between matter and energy. (Science)
  • Know that sources of energy and materials differ in amounts, distribution, usefulness, and the time required for their formation. (Science)
  • Recognize that energy can be transferred from one system to another when two objects push or pull on each other over a distance (work). (Science)
  • Research and describe energy types from their source to their use and determine if the type is renewable, non-renewable, or inexhaustible. (Science)
  • Research and describe energy types from their source to their use and determine if they are renewable, non-renewable, or sustainable. (Science)
  • Some systems transform energy with less loss of heat than others. (Science)
  • Understand the form and function of the human ear. (Science)
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