Weather and Climate
Age 10-12: Concept 1 - Environment and Cycles: Unit 1

In this unit, you will learn about the weather, how it moves through a cycle, how meteorologists predict the weather that is to come, and how you can make your own predictions and prepare for weather changes in your environment. Build your own tools to measure weather changes, experiment with changes in air, water, and heat, and conduct demonstrations to see how weather cycles move across the globe. For the final project, create a pocket guide to your local weather to help you and your family plan for weather changes.

Prerequisites

  • Able to read and comprehend novels at a late 6th or 7th grade reading level
  • Able to write multiple paragraphs on a topic
  • Familiar with the five-paragraph essay
  • Usually used by children in the fifth or sixth grade

Table of Contents

  • Lesson 1: Air Temperature and Pressure
  • Lesson 2: Wind
  • Lesson 3: Invisible Water in the Air: Humidity
  • Lesson 4: Clouds and the Water Cycle
  • Lesson 5: Fog, Dew, and Precipitation
  • Lesson 6: Storms: Thunder, Lightning, and Tornadoes
  • Lesson 7: Wild Weather
  • Lesson 8: Geography and Climate
  • Lesson 9: Mapping Weather and Fronts (2 Days)
  • Lesson 10: Global Patterns of Weather
  • Final Project: Weather Guide (3 Days)

Summary of Skills

Moving Beyond the Page is based on state and national standards. These standards are covered in this unit.
  • Analyze evidence to explain observations, make inferences and predictions, and develop the relationship between evidence and explanation. (Science)
  • Compile and use weather data to establish a climate record and reveal any trends. (Science)
  • Conduct investigations to demonstrate an understanding of scientific inquiry.
    (Science)
  • Conduct investigations to demonstrate an understanding of scientific inquiry. (Science)
  • Describe and analyze the formation of various types of clouds and discuss their relation to weather systems. (Science)
  • Design and conduct investigations to demonstrate an understanding of scientific inquiry. (Science)
  • Discover that when liquid water evaporates, it turns into water vapor in the air and can reappear as a liquid when cooled or as a solid if cooled below the freezing point of water. (Science)
  • Discuss and determine how cloud cover is affected by predictable patterns of weather. (Science)
  • Discuss and determine how the following are affected by predictable patterns of weather: precipitation, cloud cover, air pressure. (Science)
  • Discuss and determine how the following are affected by predictable patterns of weather: temperature, convection currents, air pressure. (Science)
  • Discuss and determine how the following are affected by predictable patterns of weather: temperature, wind direction and speed, convection currents, precipitation, cloud cover, air pressure. (Science)
  • Discuss and determine how the following are affected by predictable patterns of weather: wind direction and speed, convection currents. (Science)
  • Discuss and determine the influence of geography on weather and climate: mountains, sea breezes, water bodies/oceans. (Science)
  • Explain how global atmospheric movement patterns affect local weather. (Science)
  • Investigate the water cycle, including the processes of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and run-off. (Science)
  • Know that the Earth's atmosphere exerts a pressure that decreases with distance above Earth's surface and that at any point it exerts this pressure equally in all directions. (Science)
  • Know that water vapor in the air moves from one place to another and can form fog or clouds, which are tiny droplets of water or ice, and can fall to Earth as rain, hail, sleet, or snow. (Science)
  • Know the causes and effects of different types of severe weather. (Science)
  • Learn to read weather maps and data to predict local weather and know that weather forecasts depend on many variables. (Science)
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