Geography and Landforms
Age 10-12: Concept 1 - Environment and Cycles: Unit 2

The landscape of our planet includes soaring mountains, winding rivers, deep canyons, and islands scattered across expansive seas. Learn about the forces that create and transform these geographical wonders. Discover how humans are influenced by the geography that surrounds them and how they, in turn, have an impact on the physical features of their environments. Take a close look at the landforms and geography of South America, North America and your own backyard.

Prerequisites

  • Able to read and comprehend novels at a late 6th or 7th grade reading level
  • Able to write multiple paragraphs on a topic
  • Familiar with the five-paragraph essay
  • Usually used by children in the fifth or sixth grade

Table of Contents

  • Lesson 1: What is Geography?
  • Lesson 2: Maps of All Kinds
  • Lesson 3: Landforms (2 Days)
  • Lesson 4: Representing Landforms on Maps
  • Lesson 5: Human Geography
  • Lesson 6: Interacting with the Land
  • Lesson 7: Water Everywhere (2 Days)
  • Lesson 8: The Geography of South America
  • Lesson 9: The Geography of North America
  • Final Project: Local Geography Book (2 Days)

Summary of Skills

Moving Beyond the Page is based on state and national standards. These standards are covered in this unit.
  • Analyze how absolute and relative location influence ways of living in the United States and other countries of North America. (Social Studies)
  • Analyze the past movement of people, goods, and ideas and compare it to movement today. (Social Studies)
  • Compare and contrast the physical and cultural characteristics of regions within the United States and other countries of North America. (Social Studies)
  • Describe and locate the absolute and relative locations of major landforms and bodies of water. (Social Studies)
  • Describe factors that influence changes in distribution patterns of population, resources, and climate in South America and evaluate their impact on the environment. (Social Studies)
  • Describe factors that influence changes in distribution patterns of population. (Social Studies)
  • Describe the absolute and relative location of major landforms, bodies of water, and natural resources in the United States and other countries of North America. (Social Studies)
  • Describe the deposition of eroded material and its importance in establishing landforms including deltas and flood plains. (Social Studies)
  • Describe the economic and social differences between developed and developing regions in North America. (Social Studies)
  • Discuss and analyze how humans influence erosion and deposition in local communities as a result of activities like clearing land, planting vegetation, or building dams or other water-altering structures. (Social Studies)
  • Discuss and consider the wearing away and movement of rock and soil in erosion and its importance in forming canyons and valleys. (Social Studies)
  • Discuss how the flow of water and the slope of land affect erosion. (Social Studies)
  • Examine factors such as climate change, location of resources, and environmental challenges and assess their significance in the development of cultures in South America. (Social Studies)
  • Examine factors that influence human migration. (Social Studies)
  • Explain how and why population distribution differs within and between countries of North America. (Social Studies)
  • Explain how people adapt to, modify, and use their physical environments. (Social Studies)
  • Explain how people of the United States and other countries of North America adapt to, modify, and use their physical environment. (Social Studies)
  • Explain how the people of the United States and other countries of North America adapt to, modify, and use their physical environment. (Social Studies)
  • Identify and analyze forces that cause change in landforms over time, including water and ice, wind, and gravity. (Social Studies)
  • Identify and use models and maps as ways of representing landforms. (Social Studies)
  • Identify key physical characteristics such as landforms, water forms, and climate and evaluate their influence on the development of cultures in South America. (Social Studies)
  • Identify key physical characteristics such as landforms, water forms, and climate. (Social Studies)
  • Know that natural resources, including water, can be limited and can be affected by human actions. (Social Studies)
  • Know the origin of the water used by local communities. (Social Studies)
  • Understand that the amount of fresh water located in rivers, lakes, underground sources, and glaciers is limited and that its availability can be extended by recycling and decreasing the use of water. (Social Studies)
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