Lesson 8: Changes


Activity 1: Prepositional Phrases

Remember that modifiers describe other words within a sentence, making the meaning of the words more specific. Adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases all function as modifiers within sentences. Review the list of prepositions in the box that follows. Remember that a prepositional phrase starts with a preposition and ends with an object of the preposition (a noun or pronoun).

My daughter was home in time.

Prepositional phrase: in time
Preposition: in
Object of the preposition: time

A prepositional phrase can also have modifiers within it. Modifiers can include adjectives, adverbs (very, only), pronouns (his, him, their), or articles (a, the, an).

The dog jumped over the low, stone wall.

Prepositional phrase: over the low, stone wall
Preposition: over
Object of the preposition: wall
Modifiers: the, low, stone
Select either option 1 or 2 for your child. Option 2 is more challenging.

Option 1

On the "Prepositional Phrases" (Option 1) sheet, you will add prepositional phrase modifiers to make the sentences more descriptive.
Check to see that your child added a prepositional phrase to each sentence.

Option 2

For Option 2, you will also describe each picture using two sentences with prepositional phrases. Ask your parent which option to complete.
Check to see that your child added prepositional phrases with at least two modifiers (articles, pronouns, or adjectives) in the phrase.

Activity 2: Research on England and Ireland

Materials: cardstock paper, colored pencils or markers, map of Europe, ruler
The crew will dock in Ireland, spend a few days, and then continue to England. They will ride a ferry from Ireland to England.

Locate these two countries on a map of Europe.

Research either Ireland or England, focusing on what you might see and do if you visited the country. Use cardstock to create a postcard for one of these European countries. Use the template to design your postcard, and use a ruler for the lines. Make the card 4" x 6" and turn it horizontally.

On one side of the postcard, illustrate a picture of something you might find or do when you visit the country. On the other side, write a note to a friend or relative that describes what you are doing on your European vacation. Address the card and send it to a friend or relative. Don't forget the stamp!

The following websites will help you locate information on the two countries:
Postcard Template (Front)
Postcard Template (Back)
Web Link
Web Link
Web Link
Web Link
Help your child locate additional websites after she selects the country she wants to research. When she has finished designing a postcard, find a friend or family member's address so she can mail it. Check to see that she designed the postcard correctly and has attached the correct postage.