Lesson 4: Grand Manan


Activity 1: Recognizing Predicate Adjectives, Direct Objects, and Indirect Objects

Adding direct and indirect objects is one way to extend sentences and make them more interesting and descriptive. Predicate adjectives can also be used for this purpose.
A predicate adjective is an adjective that modifies the subject, but it follows a linking verb in the sentence.

The house was hot. (Hot describes the subject of the sentence [house].)
The hamburger tasted greasy. (Greasy describes the hamburger.)

The direct object is the receiver of the action. Find the direct object by asking yourself "whom" or "what" is receiving the action.

Lauren ate the apple.
What did Laura eat? She ate the apple, so apple is the direct object.

In order to identify the indirect object, find the word that answers either "to/for whom" or "to/for what." There must be a direct object in order to have an indirect object. Indirect objects are found either right before the direct object (see Example 1) or after the direct object in a prepositional phrase (see Example 2).

Example 1: Julie baked Tim a cake on his birthday.
Example 2: Julie baked a cake for Tim on his birthday.
What did Julie bake? ("cake" is the direct object).
For whom did she bake the cake? ("Tim" is the indirect object).

For the activity called "Predicate Adjectives and Objects", mark the simple subject and simple predicate of each sentence — the simple subject is the noun or pronoun that is the subject of the sentence, and the simple predicate is the verb. Next you will identify the predicate adjectives in the sentences and the direct and indirect objects.

Ask your parent which option to complete.

Option 1

Identify the subject, verb, and predicate adjective or direct/indirect object in each sentence.
Student Activity Page
Answer Key: Completers (Option 1)
If your child is not familiar with the idea of an understood "you", explain that when a sentence is a command or a request, the subject is understood to be "you" — the person being commanded. It is often not in the sentence, but is understood as the subject. The last two sentences above have an understood "you" as the subject.

Option 2

Circle the simple subject and underline the simple predicate. Add predicate adjectives and direct and indirect objects to complete the sentences.
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Answer Key: Completers (Option 2)

Activity 2: Relationships

Relationships is one of the major themes of the story. Relationships can be challenging and rewarding. In the story, the characters are all related to one another because they are family, but they also have unique ways of interacting and have unique feelings about one another.

On the "Relationships" page, describe the relationships that exist among the characters. Some of the relationships are positive and some are not. In the boxes, describe how the characters are related and how they interact with and feel about one another. As you read the story, you will discover that the relationships among the characters begin to change.
Student Activity Page
Answers might include:
  • Cody and Brian -- cousins; they often get on each other's nerves because they have nothing in common
  • Cody and Mo -- father and son; they don't seem to like each other much and argue a lot
  • Sophie and Cody -- cousins through adoption; they are becoming good friends and they enjoy each other's company.
  • Dock, Stew, and Mo -- brothers; they argue sometimes but are friends,
  • Sophie and Parents -- her adoptive parents; they love one another very much, and the parents worry about Sophie

Activity 3: Something Old Becomes Something New

Materials: Something old that you can turn into something new
Sophie loves it when people take something decrepit and make something grand from it. In the story, Frank takes an old boat and rebuilds it.

Find something that is old and is not being used and turn it into something new and interesting. It can be functional or aesthetic.

You can explore the following websites to see ways that children reuse materials to create beautiful art:
For this creative thinking activity, your child is asked to create something new from something old. Be sure to view some of the websites of scrap artists for a great art appreciation activity.
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