Lesson 9: Geography and Weather

Getting Started

Questions to Explore

  • How does the weather affect living things?
  • Why do we study and observe the weather?
  • How is weather measured?
  • How and why does the weather change?
  • Why is the weather different on different parts of the Earth?

Facts and Definitions

  • The weather in an area depends on environmental factors as well as geographical factors.
  • The seasons occur because of the Earth's placement in relation to the Sun.
  • On the same day, the weather will be different in different geographical locations.


  • Define geography and use geographic terms to describe landforms, bodies of water, weather, and climate. (SS)
  • Describe the role of a geographer and apply geographic tools such as maps, globes, compasses, and photographs in the understanding of places and regions. (SS)
  • Identify the absolute and relative locations of communities. (SS)
  • Interpret maps, charts, and pictures of locations. (SS)
  • Identify and describe the people, vegetation, and animal life specific to certain regions and describe their interdependence. (SS)
  • Observe and record weather changes over time and relate to time of day and year. (S)
  • Discuss and determine how energy from the Sun warms the land, air, and water. (S)


  • On the Same Day in March by Marilyn Singer
  • crayons, markers, or colored pencils
  • world map or globe


Materials: world map or globe
Show your child a world map or globe, and ask her to point out the equator and the Southern and Northern hemispheres.


  1. Fill out your weather log each day as outlined in Lesson 1. This should be your 10th and final day.
  2. Record the air pressure as outlined in Lesson 2. This should be your 9th and final day.