Lesson 4: Ancient Egypt

Day 2

Activity 3: Egyptian Ruler Trading Cards

Materials: Ancient Civilizations by Joseph Fullman (DK Eyewitness), scissors, tape, glue stick, or glue
For this activity, you will create trading cards for the following Egyptian rulers (the page numbers indicate where you can find information about each one):
  • Narmer (p. 12)
  • Dsojer (p. 17)
  • Khufu (p. 17)
  • Akhenaten (p. 13)
  • Hatshepsut (p. 69)
  • Tutankhamun (p. 17)
  • Ramses II (p. 69)
  • Cleopatra VII (p. 13)
On the two "Egyptian Ruler Trading Cards" pages, you will need to fill in the date of each ruler's reign. Next, cut out the boxes on the "Egyptian Ruler Trading Cards Answers" page, and paste each one in its appropriate "known for here" space on the trading cards. (Be sure to look up the ruler so that you'll be able to choose the correct information!)
For this activity, your child will complete trading cards for 8 Egyptian rulers.

Answer Key:

  • Narmer -- Known for uniting Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
  • Dsojer — Known for having a step pyramid built for him
  • Khufu -- Known for having the Great Pyramid of Giza built for him
  • Hatshepsut — Known for being one of Egypt's only female rulers and for building trade with other lands
  • Tutankhamun — Known for the treasures found within his tomb
  • Ramses II — Known for a long reign in which he had many monuments built in his honor
  • Akhenaten — Known for trying to have Egyptians worship one god instead of many
  • Cleopatra VII — Known for being Egypt's last pharaoh and allying with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony of Rome

Activity 4: Egyptian Art

Materials: Ancient Civilizations by Joseph Fullman (DK Eyewitness), crayons, markers, or watercolors, pencil and pen
In this activity, you'll have the chance to create your own art in an Egyptian style. One of the unique characteristics of Egyptian art is the way that artists depicted the human body. Take some time to look at the images of people from ancient Egyptian paintings throughout the section on ancient Egypt in Ancient Civilizations (see pages 12-17 for some examples). Notice that the head and legs of each person are often shown from a side view, while the shoulders and torso are presented in a forward-facing view. You may also notice that the backgrounds of the images are very simply rendered but the tools that they are using and the specific steps of the jobs they are doing are rendered in great detail. How is this different from other styles of art that you have seen?
Web Link
Create a family portrait using this Egyptian style. You might choose to show a particular moment from your family's life — for example, a holiday celebration or a trip to the beach. You might instead choose to show each member of your family engaged in an activity that he or she enjoys — for example, you might show your father baking bread, your mother playing tennis, or your sister reading.

However you choose to show your family, try to use the Egyptian style of presenting human figures. Remember to have the face in profile, the torso facing forward and the legs in profile. Remember, also, to pay attention to the steps of the activity you're depicting and to include any tools or objects being used but to keep your background relatively simple. You may wish to sketch your artwork in pencil and then go over it in pen and use crayons, colored pencils, markers, or watercolors to add colors like those found in Egyptian paintings.
Egyptian Art Example
In this activity, your child will create a family portrait in the style of Egyptian artwork. The head and lower body of each figure should be presented in profile, while the torso should be presented from the front. Beyond these simple guidelines, there is no right or wrong way to complete this activity — your child can be as creative as she wishes in creating an Egyptian-style portrait of your family!