Lesson 4: Ancient Egypt


Activity 1: Geography of Ancient Egypt

Materials: Ancient Civilizations by Joseph Fullman (DK Eyewitness), colored pencils
In this activity, you'll create a map of ancient Egypt.

Use the map on page 14 and online maps to help you complete the map on the "Geography of Ancient Egypt" activity page. On your map you should do the following:
  1. Label the Nile River.
  2. Label the delta where the Nile meets the Mediterranean Sea as the Nile River Delta.
  3. Shade the area around the Nile River and its delta green to show the fertility of the soil there.
  4. Shade the remaining lands around the Nile yellow or orange to show the sands of the desert.
  5. Label the regions of Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.
  6. Label the following cities: Abu Simbel, Alexandria, Giza, Memphis, Thebes.
Web Link
In future reading assignments for this unit, you may find it helpful to have this map handy to use as a reference to help you understand where important events took place.

Using a map to identify the locations of cities and important places as you read can be an important way to connect history to geography and to help you understand the movements of settlers, traders, armies, religious pilgrims, and more as you study world history. In future units and other historical readings, you may find it helpful to get in the habit of asking "Where is that?" whenever you see a place name and to consult a map as you read to help you understand the relationships among different locations.
Student Activity Page
In this activity, your child will complete a map of ancient Egypt.
Answer Key: Geography of Ancient Egypt

Activity 2: Ancient Civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt Timeline

Materials: Ancient Civilization Timeline Cards, scissors, tape, glue stick, or glue, World History Timeline
For this lesson, you will need to cut out the following green timeline cards and add them to your timeline binder:
  • Egypt's Pre-Dynastic Period (3500 BC)
  • Egypt's First King (3100 BC)
  • Beginning of the Old Kingdom of Egypt (2650 BC)
  • Beginning of the New Kingdom of Egypt (1550 BC)
  • Reign of Hatshepsut (1490-1468 BC)
  • Reign of Ramses II (1289-1224 BC)
  • Alexander the Great Comes to Power in Egypt (332 BC)
For each card, note the date on the card, find the page that includes that date in your binder, and then use tape, glue stick, or glue to attach the card above or below the line in the appropriate place.
For this lesson, your child will cut out seven green timeline cards and add them to her binder. The dates on the cards should correspond to the dates on the timeline pages where your child has affixed each card.