Lesson 2: Pictographs


Activity 1: Using Scaled Pictographs

Provide time for your child to read the information and explore the pictographs at the following web link.
Web Link
When she is finished, ask the following questions while she looks at the graphs at the web link:
  • Looking at the first graph about apples sold each month, how many apples does one whole apple represent? (10)
  • Why does half of an apple equal 5? (because 5 is half of 10)
  • If the shop sells 30 apples in May, how many apples should the graph show? (3)
  • If the shop sells 65 apples in June, how many apples should the graph show? (6 and 1/2)
  • Looking at the second graph about tennis games played, why does a quarter of the tennis ball represent 5? (because if 20 is divided by 4 the answer is 5 or because there are 4 groups of 5 in 20)
  • How many games does half of a tennis ball represent? (10)
  • How many games does three-fourths of a tennis ball represent? (15)
  • If another player named Janie played 85 tennis games, what would the graph need to show for her? (4 and 1/4 tennis balls)
Now, show your child the pictograph on the "Reading a Scaled Pictograph" sheet, and pose the following questions:
  • If there were 40 books sold on Monday, how many books does one book image represent? (10)
  • How many books were sold on Tuesday? (60)
  • On which day were the most books sold? How many were sold? (Friday, 100)
  • How many more books were sold on Thursday than on Wednesday? (60)
  • On which two days combined were the same number of books sold as on Friday? (Monday and Tuesday OR Wednesday and Saturday)
  • Based on this data, if the bookseller wanted to be closed for one day each week, which day of the week would you recommend he close and why? (answers will vary)

Activity 2: Creating a Scaled Pictograph

Your child will complete the "Library Pictograph" sheets by reading and generating data on the first sheet and then creating a pictograph to show the data on the second sheet.

She should find the following data based on the information provided on the first sheet (you may want to check her numbers before she begins to work on the second sheet):
  • mystery: 25
  • fiction: 40
  • autobiography: 15
  • history: 20
  • science fiction: 35
  • fantasy: 30
When your child is ready to work on creating the graph on the second sheet, tell her to read the instructions carefully and to think about how to space out the pictures on the graph.

Keep these sheets for an upcoming activity.
"Library Pictograph" Answer Key