Lesson 2: Naming Fractions

Activities

Reading and Questions
Materials: A Fraction's Goal—Parts of a Whole by Brian P. Cleary
Your child will read A Fraction's Goal—Parts of a Whole by Brian P. Cleary. When she's finished reading the book, she will answer the following questions:
Questions
  1. What is a fraction?
    part of a whole, a piece of something larger
  2. Picture a pizza in your mind. Which is larger, a half of a pizza or a fourth of a pizza?
    a half of a pizza
  3. If you eat 2 out of 3 cookies, what fraction of the cookies have you eaten?
    two-thirds
  4. According to the book, when can we use fractions in real life?
    cutting foods into pieces, cooking, telling time, planting gardens
  5. What is the number on the top of a fraction called?
    numerator
  6. What is the number on the bottom of a fraction called?
    denominator
  7. On p. 29, which fractions have a numerator of 1?
    1/12, 1/2, 1/9
  8. On p. 29, how many fractions have a denominator of 9?
    2

Activity 1: Identifying Fractions

Materials: A Fraction's Goal—Parts of a Whole by Brian P. Cleary, glue or glue stick, scissors
Tell your child to look again at pp. 30-31 in A Fraction's Goal—Parts of a Whole. Ask, "Do you think the fractions shown on this page represent the red parts or the blue parts of the circles?" Make sure that your child understands that they are naming the red parts. Point to three or four of the circles, count the red parts, and say the fraction names. For example, you might point to the circle showing one-fourth and say, "This shows one out of four parts shaded red. This shows one-fourth." Next, point to the circle showing five-eighths, and ask, "Why is this fraction named five-eighths?" Your child should note that five out of eight parts are shaded red.

For additional challenge, you can hide the names of the fractions with your fingers and ask your child to look at each circle and name the fraction.

Now, your child will complete the "Naming Fractions" sheets by cutting out and sorting the fraction images and names on the first sheet and then gluing them into the boxes on the second sheet.
"Naming Fractions" Answer Key