Lesson 2: Naming Fractions

Getting Started

Questions to Explore

  • What is a fraction?
  • What are the parts of a fraction?
  • How do we write and speak in mathematical language?

Facts and Definitions

  • Numerator: the top number in a fraction, how many parts of the whole you have or need
  • Denominator: the bottom number in a fraction, the total number of equal parts in a whole


  • Recognize parts of fractions: numerator and denominator
  • Understand a fraction 1/b as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts
  • Understand a fraction a/b as the quantity formed by a parts of size 1/b


  • A Fraction's Goal—Parts of a Whole by Brian P. Cleary
  • colored pencils
  • glue or glue stick
  • scissors


Materials: scissors
Your child will cut out the cards on the "Matching Fractions" sheet and then create pairs that show the same fractions.
"Matching Fractions" Answer Key