Lesson 6: Geography and Weather

Getting Started

Questions to Explore

  • Why does the weather in the environment change?
  • How does the weather in the environment affect people, plants, and animals?
  • Why is the weather different on different parts of the Earth?

Facts and Definitions

  • The weather in an area depends on environmental factors as well as geographical factors.
  • The seasons occur because of the Earth's placement in relation to the Sun.
  • On the same day, the weather will be different in different geographical locations.


  • Define geography and use geographic terms to describe landforms, bodies of water, weather, and climate. (SS)
  • Describe the role of a geographer and apply geographic tools such as maps, globes, compasses, and photographs in the understanding of places and regions. (SS)
  • Identify the absolute and relative locations of communities. (SS)
  • Interpret maps, charts, and pictures of locations. (SS)
  • Identify and describe the people, vegetation, and animal life specific to certain regions and describe their interdependence. (SS)
  • Observe and record weather changes over time and relate to time of day and year. (S)
  • Discuss and determine how energy from the Sun warms the land, air, and water. (S)


  • On the Same Day in March by Marilyn Singer and Frane Lessac
  • The Kids' Book of Weather Forecasting by Mark Breen and Kathleen Friestad
  • crayons, markers, or colored pencils
  • flashlight
  • rubber band
  • tennis ball or other small ball
  • world map or globe


Materials: world map or globe
Show your child a world map or globe and point out the equator and the Southern and Northern hemispheres.

Fill out your weather log each day as outlined in Lesson 1.