Lesson 4: Work on the Farm

Getting Started

Having successfully rebelled against the farmer, the animals must figure out how to run the farm on their own. In this chapter, you'll explore how they do so, compare work on the farm before and after the rebellion, and learn about business letters and friendly letters.

Stuff You Need

  • Animal Farm by George Orwell
  • blank white paper* (Activity 2 - Option 1)
  • scissors* (Activity 2 - Option 1)
  • tape or glue* (Activity 2 - Option 1)

* - denotes an optional material that may or may not be needed

Ideas to Think About

  • How do authors use characters, settings, and plots to develop powerful themes in their work?
  • Who should have power in society, and how should it be used?
  • How can citizens and consumers use the power of persuasive writing to share opinions, voice complaints, request information, and encourage change?

Things to Know

  • A business letter format is used when writing to employees of businesses or organizations or to government officials.
  • A friendly letter format is used for correspondence between family members, friends, or acquaintances. It is a less formal type of letter.


  • Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text. (LA)
  • Analyze and evaluate themes and central ideas in literature and other texts in relation to personal and societal issues. (LA)
  • Analyze how the central characters' qualities influence the theme of a fictional work and resolution of the central conflict. (LA)
  • Write a letter that reflects an opinion, registers a complaint, or requests information in a business or friendly context. (LA)

Introducing the Lesson

In this chapter, your child will explore how the animals learn to run the farm on their own, compare work on the farm before and after the rebellion, and learn about business letters and friendly letters.
Reading and Questions
Materials: Animal Farm by George Orwell
Read Chapter 3 of Animal Farm by George Orwell. Then answer the following questions:
  1. What work did the pigs do on the farm?
    Directing and supervising others, not doing the actual work.
  2. What was Boxer's personal motto?
    "I will work harder!"
  3. Describe the farm's flag and its symbolism.
    A green tablecloth with a white hoof and horn painted on it. The green represented the fields of England and the hoof and horn represented the Republic of Animals that would rise up once all humans were overthrown.
  4. How did the pigs justify having the milk and apples?
    They said that they required them for their health and the "brainwork" they were doing. They also argued that if the pigs failed in their duties, then Jones would come back and the rebellion would fail.