Lesson 2: Animal Structure

Getting Started

Questions to Explore

  • How do living things survive in their communities?
  • How do animals' designs help them to live in their communities?
  • How does the environment support the needs of plants and animals?
  • What do communities provide for their members?

Facts and Definitions

  • Animals' body coverings help them to live in their communities.
  • An exoskeleton is a hard outer covering on the body of an animal.


  • Describe the needs of plants and animals (S)
  • Explore a wide variety of living things (S)
  • Ask and answer questions about organisms (S)
  • Sort organisms according to their parts and characteristics (S)
  • Compare objects according to attributes (M)
  • Identify and sort objects according to attributes (M)
  • Create simple graphs (M)


  • red and green pen or marker* (Activity 2 - Option 1)
  • scissors
  • tape or glue

* - denotes an optional material that may or may not be needed


Explain to your child that an animal's design helps it live and grow in its community. Ask your child to describe any interesting animals that she knows about and how their design helps them to live.