Lesson 7: Water Everywhere

Day 2

Activity 2: Pollution

Materials: Crayons, markers, or colored pencils
Sometimes humans' activities pollute the water in their environments. Pollution can make the water unsuitable for human use and have a negative impact on the ecosystems that surround the water source. When land is cleared for building, dirt and silt can erode and flow into rivers and lakes. Excess fertilizers can wash away from farmland. Chemicals or sewage that are disposed of improperly can wind up in waterways. Discarded trash can end up in streams and rivers, affecting wildlife and water quality.

Use the "Water Pollution" activity page to record your ideas about water pollution, then complete Option 1 or Option 2 below.
Student Activity Page
Your child will brainstorm her ideas about water pollution and then create a bumper sticker or a public service announcement plan to educate others about water pollution.

Option 1

Use one of the ideas that you circled on the "Water Pollution" activity page to create a bumper sticker that could be used to inform others about the importance of protecting water as a natural resource. Remember that a bumper sticker usually has a short but powerful sentence or phrase to get its point across. You can also add symbols or images that may help support your message. On the "Bumper Sticker" activity page, draw your bumper sticker and color it with crayons, markers, or colored pencils.
The bumper sticker activity will require your child to develop a short phrase, sentence, or slogan and illustrate or color the resulting bumper sticker.
Student Activity Page

Option 2

Use one or more of the ideas that you circled on the "Water Pollution" activity page to create a plan for a television public service announcement about water pollution. Record your ideas on the "Public Service Announcement" activity page.
The public service announcement activity will be more involved, allowing your child to create a storyboard and abbreviated script for a 20-30 second public service announcement.
Student Activity Page

Activity 3: Water at Home

Materials: Internet access
Water for home use can come from a variety of sources. Your household water may come from a well or from a municipal or commercial water system. Wastewater may flow from your home into a septic system or into a municipal or commercial sewer system. Ask your parents about where your home water comes from and what happens to it after it leaves your home.
Web Link
If your home receives water from a municipal or commercial water system, you can visit the water system's website to learn more about where the system draws its water. You also probably receive a water quality report every year, and those reports are often published online on the website of each water supplier. Ask a parent to help you find your local water report if you are interested in learning more about the water that flows from your taps.
Web Link
Complete the "The Water at Home" activity page to record information about the water you use at home.
Student Activity Page
Your child may need your assistance for this activity. She will be identifying the source of your family's water supply and may need to go online to view the website of your water provider or an EPA-based site about private wells.

Activity 4: Daily Water Use

Now that you know the source of your water, let's figure out how you use it in on a daily basis. Complete the "Water Use Chart" activity page to keep track of the ways your family uses water today and then calculate the approximate total number of gallons of water that those activities used.
Student Activity Page
Today your child will be estimating the amount of water your family uses in a day. You may need to assist your child by providing information about water use that did not directly involve her. (For example, you might let family members know to be sure to let your child know when they have taken a shower or flushed a toilet or washed their hands.)