Lesson 3: Landforms

Wrapping Up


The Earth's landforms have changed dramatically over time, shaped by forces such as wind, water, and gravity. Humans have often settled near geographic features that provide natural resources that humans need. Human settlement can have an impact on the local environment by, for example, influencing the rate of erosion. What landforms and bodies of water are near your home and how does their presence influence your life?

Life Application

Materials: journal
Is there a mountain or a river near your home? If you have the chance, visit it with a notebook or nature journal in hand. Note any differences between the mountain or river area and your own backyard. Is the weather the same? Are the trees and plants the same? Are there any animals in one place that you don't notice in the other? Record your observations and maybe even sketch or photograph some of your favorite natural discoveries.

Questions to Discuss

  • How do you think landforms and water near where people live can affect people's lives?
  • Are there any ways in which people affect the landforms near where they live? (Yes, human activities like farming, mining, and land clearing can cause increased erosion. Students may also mention structures like dams or human impacts like pollution.)

Things to Review

Review definitions of key terms like landforms, continental drift, island, isthmus, peninsula, strait, bay, fjord, valley, erosion, and delta.

Review the information your child recorded on each of the lesson's activity pages.